Jackie Andrade

TOPIC: How to reduce the psychological impact of AAGA


Professor of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK

Website: https://www.plymouth.ac.uk/staff/jackie-andrade


Jackie Andrade is Professor of Psychology at the University of Plymouth. She was a member of the steering panel of the RCoA/AAGBI 5th National Audit Project on Accidental Awareness during General Anaesthesia (NAP5). She has worked on memory and awareness in anaesthesia for over 20 years, using anaesthetics to address psychological questions and psychology to increase the rigour of anaesthesia research and practice. Her team was one of the first to show that memory function persists during clinically adequate anaesthesia, and the first to conduct a large-scale study of wakefulness and memory priming during general anaesthesia in children using the isolated forearm technique.


  • Andrade, J. (1995). Learning during anaesthesia: A review. British Journal of Psychology, 86(4), 479-506.
  • Andrade, J. (1996). Investigations of hypesthesia: Using anesthetics to explore relationships between consciousness, learning and memory. Consciousness and Cognition, 5, 562-580.
  • Andrade, J., Deeprose, C. & Barker, I. (2008). Incidence of awareness and memory priming in paediatric surgery with general anaesthesia, British Journal of Anaesthesia, 100(3), 389-396. DOI 10.1093/bja/aem378
  • Andrade, J., Englert, L., Harper, C. & Edwards, N. (2001) Comparing the effects of stimulation and propofol infusion rate on implicit and explicit memory formation, British Journal of Anaesthesia, 86(2), 189-195.
  • Andrade, J., Sapsford, D., Jeevaratnum, R. D., Pickworth, A. J., & Jones, J. G. (1996). The coherent frequency in the EEG as an objective measure of cognitive function during propofol sedation. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 83, 1279-1284.
  • Cook TM, Andrade J, Bogod DG, et al. (2014). The 5th National Audit Project (NAP5) on accidental awareness during general anaesthesia: patient experiences, human factors, sedation, consent and medicolegal issues. British Journal of Anaesthesia. doi: aeu314.
  • Deeprose, C., Andrade, J., Harrison, D. & Edwards, N. E. (2005). Unconscious memory priming during anaesthesia: A replication. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 94(1), 57-62.
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